Musculo-skeletal dysfunction refers to any dysfunction involving the muscles and bones of the body as they relate to each other. Dysfunctions associated with the musculo-skeletal system often involve unresolved postural or biomechanical issues that have caused compression, sheering or mal-alignment at the associated joints as well as soft tissue abnormalities such as muscle spasms and trigger points.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
- Joint pain and joint stiffness can occur at rest or more commonly, with weight-bearing for extended periods of time.
- Tenderness in and around the joint.
- Limited range of motion in one or more joints.
- Redness and warmth around the affected joint.
Dysfunction at the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) can occur for many reasons. Physical therapy treatment is focused on improving the muscle balance in the muscles associated with the head, neck and jaw to improve alignment and congruency at the joint. Postural issues must also be addressed as a forward head and/or anterior shoulder positioning with their subsequent muscle imbalances can also effect alignment at the TMJ.
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint disorder:
- Inflammation that may be acute or chronic.
- Joint noise.
- Locking and/or pain at rest or with range of motion.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis usually appear in middle age and almost everyone will have it by age 70. Before age 55, the condition occurs equally in both sexes. However, after 55 it is more common in women.
The disease causes the cushioning (cartilage) between the bone joints to wear away, leading to pain and stiffness. As the disease gets worse, the cartilage disappears and the bone rubs on bone. Bony spurs usually form around the joint.
Joint pain can also be caused by compression or sheering forces in or around a joint. These forces are often caused by muscles imbalances in the muscles associated with the joint.
A tendon is a fibrous connective tissue which attaches muscle to bone. A tendon serves to move the bone or structure. Tendonitis is inflammation, irritation, and swelling of a tendon. Tendinitis can occur as a result of injury, overuse, or with aging as the tendon loses elasticity. It can also be seen in systemic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes. Tendinitis can occur in any tendon, but some commonly affected sites are the shoulder (biceps tendonitis or rotator cuff tendonitis), the wrist, the heel (Achilles tendonitis) and the elbow (tennis elbow, golfers elbow.) Tendinosis (tendon degeneration) may also be present.